Chapter I General Provisions
These Provisions are formulated,in accordance withThe Maritime Traffic Safety Law and The Law on Protection of Marine Environment of the People's Republic of China,The Regulation of People's Republic of China on Seafarersas well asrelevantinternational conventions which China has concluded or acceded to, with a view to standardizingseafarers' watchkeeping, ensuringsafety of life and property at sea, protectingmarine environment and strengtheningship security.
These Provisions shallapply to seafarers serving on board Chinese seagoing ships of 100 gross tonnage and above, exclude following ships:
.1 shipsof war;
.2 fishing vessels;
.3 pleasure yachts not engaged in trade; and
.4 wooden ships of primitive build.
The Maritime Safety Administration of the People's Republic of China(China MSA)is the competent authority solely responsible for the implementation of TheProvisions.
The MSAsat all levels arespecificallyresponsible for oversightseafarers' watchkeepingin accordance with accredited responsibilities.
All shipping companies shall developBridge Guidance, Engineering Watchkeeping Guidanceas well as other Guidanceon watchkeeping in accordance withThe Provisionsand relevant international conventions,and ensure them tobe displayedat places readily accessible in the respective departmentson board aship. All crew shall be required to observe the aforesaid Guidanceto ensure the safetyof navigation.
Every shipping company shall ensure that watchkeeping personnelassigned to serve on boarda ship are familiarized with related ship equipment, ship characteristics,their duties and watchkeeping requirements, and are able toeffectively perform safety, prevention of pollution,securityduties and so on.
The master and crew on watch shall,in accordance with the relevant laws, administrative rulesand regulations,international conventions and local provisions regarding prevention and control of marine pollution by ships,take all possible precautions to prevent marine pollution by theship due tomiss handlingor accident.
Chapter II General Requirements onVoyage Planning and Watchkeeping
Section 1 Voyage Planning
Ship mastershall,according to the voyage mission,organize deck officersto plan the intended voyage, taking into consideration all pertinent information, and instruct each department to prepare for departure andensure theseaworthiness ofship and the fitness for duty of seafarers.
The voyage planning shall meet the following requirements:
.1To determine in advance, in consultation with the chief mate and the chief engineer, the requirements and availability of the intended voyage for fuel, lubricants, supplies, fresh water and spare parts for the intended voyage;
.2 To ensure all the ship's certificates and seafarers' certificates complete and valid;
.3 To ensure that charts and other nautical publicationsfor the intended route accurate, complete and updated; and
.4 To ensure all carriage and port documents complete.
The voyage planning shall include the following:
.1 Total mileage and expected total sailing time;
.2 Meteorology informationand seaconditionson the intended voyage;
.3 Longitude and latitude foreach waypoint;
.4 Distanceof each routeand estimatedtime of arrival at each waypoint;
.5 Sailing directions on each complicated leg and means to avoid dangers adjacent to the route; and
.6 Cautions in special navigation areas.
Prior to each voyage,the shipmaster shall ensure that the intended route from the port of departure to the first port of callis planned using adequate and appropriate charts and other nautical publications,displaythe route clearly on the charts and verify it.
Deck officersshall verify each course to be followed during the voyage.
If a decision is made, during a voyage, tochange the next port of call of the planned route, or if it is necessary for the ship to deviate substantiallyfrom the planned route, the master shall plan an amended route as early as possible and redisplayitclearly on the appropriate charts.
Section 2 Watchkeeping Requirements in General
Ship company and master shallensure a ship be manned withadequate and competentseafarers for maintainingsafe watchkeeping.
The ship master shallensure the watchkeeping personnel qualified and identifytheir duties. Watchkeeping arrangements shall be in compliance with the requirements for safety of ship and cargo at sea as well asmarine environment protection, and ensure that the watchkeeping personnel are adequatelyrestedto prevent their fatigue on duty.
Under the master’s command general direction, officers in charge of the navigational watch are responsible for navigating the ship safely during their periodsof duty.
The chief engineer officer of every ship shall, with the approval ofthe master, ensure theengineering watchkeeping arrangements adequate formaintaininga safe engineering watch.
Ship master shall,in accordance with security levels,make adequate watchkeeping arrangements and maintain an efficient watchor watches for the purpose of security.
Watchesshall be carried out based on the following BRMand ERMrequirements:
.1 proper arrangements for watchkeeping personnel shall be ensured in accordance with the situations;
.2 any limitation in qualifications or fitness of individuals shall be taken into account when deploying watchkeeping personnel;
.3 watchkeeping personnelshall understand their individualduties and department duties;
.4 watchkeeping personnel shall appropriately understand information and respond to informationrelevant to navigation received during watch, and appropriately share it with other departments;
.5 watchkeeping personnel shall maintain an exchange of appropriate communication with all departments;and
.6 watchkeeping personnel shall notify the master/chief engineer officer/officer in charge of watch duties without any hesitation when in any doubt as to what action to take in the interest of safety.
The officer in charge of watch shall not hand over the watch to the relieving officer if there is reason to believe that the latter is apparently not capable of carrying out the watchkeeping duties effectively, in which case the master/chief engineer officer shall be notified immediately.
If, at the moment of handing over the watch, an important operation is being performed it shall be concluded by the officer in charge of watch being relieved, except when ordered otherwise by the master or chief engineer officer.
Relieving officers of the watch shall take over the watch only when ensuringall members of their watch fully capable of performing their duties effectively.
Watchkeeping personnel shall not be assigned or undertake any other duties which could interfere with that task.
Watchkeeping personnel shall ensure important incidents occurringduring the watch to beexactly recorded.